Myopia is the medical term for nearsightedness, or the ability to see objects up close, but not at a distance. Myopia is diagnosed by a comprehensive eye exam performed by an ophthalmologist. Eyeglasses, contact lenses, or corrective surgery can help fix myopia so that you can see again. Skilled optometrists Chad Waggoner, OD, and Reed Gibb, OD, offer comprehensive eye exams to determine whether you have myopia at Specs Appeal in St. George, Utah. Call the office today or schedule an appointment online.
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common eye condition where you can see objects up close clearly, but objects at a distance are blurry. It affects about 25% of Americans and tends to run in families. Myopia is a refractive error, meaning your eye does not focus light properly on the retina. When light is not focused on the retina correctly, your vision becomes blurry.
Myopia can develop gradually or rapidly and tends to worsen in childhood and adolescence. Your eye doctor will diagnose myopia by performing an eye exam. They will use a standard vision test and ask you to read letters on a chart from across the room. They may also use a special tool called a retinoscope that shines a light in your eyes and reflects off your retina. This can determine whether you are nearsighted or farsighted.
If you have symptoms of myopia, it’s important to see an eye doctor for further examination. Some common symptoms of myopia are:
If you start to see tiny specks in your vision, flashes of light in one or both eyes, or a curtain-like shadow over your visual field, contact your eye doctor right away. These are signs of retinal detachment, a rare complication of myopia that needs medical attention right away.
Myopia is treated through the use of prescription lenses or refractive surgery. It also involves monitoring for complications such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal tears or detachment.
Corrective lenses help treat myopia by counteracting the increased curvature of your cornea that occurs. Eyeglass lenses come in various prescriptions, including single vision, bifocals, and trifocals.
Contact lenses are lenses that are worn directly on your eyes. They are available in many materials and designs, including soft, rigid, gas permeable, and multifocal. Contact lenses take some coordination to put in place in your eyes.
Refractive surgery reduces the need for eyeglasses and contact lenses, but even after surgery, you still may need to use them some of the time. Refractive surgery works by using a laser beam to reshape the cornea, which results in a decreased myopia prescription.
If you are interested in treatment for myopia and would like to discuss some options, call the providers at Specs Appeal today or schedule an appointment online. We’d be happy to answer any questions you may have.